Titanic was a British passenger liner that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean on 15 April 1912 after colliding with an iceberg during its maiden voyage from Southampton, UK to New York City, US.
She was the second of three Olympic class ocean liners operated by the White Star Line, and she was built by the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast. On her voyage, she carried 2,224 passengers and crew.
The ship was designed to be the last word in comfort and luxury, with an on-board gymnasium, swimming pool, libraries, high-class restaurants and opulent cabins. She also had a powerful wireless telegraph provided for the convenience of passengers as well as for operational use.
The passengers included some of the wealthiest people in the world, as well as hundreds of emigrants from Great Britain and Ireland, Scandinavia and elsewhere throughout Europe seeking a new life in North America.
Though she had advanced safety features such as watertight compartments and remotely activated watertight doors, she lacked enough lifeboats to accommodate all of those aboard.
The glancing collision caused Titanic's hull plates to buckle inwards along her starboard side and opened five of her sixteen watertight compartments to the sea; the ship gradually filled with water and foundered around 2:20 AM.
Passengers and some crew members were evacuated in lifeboats. The number of men over 90% of those in Second Class were left aboard because of a "women and children first". Just under two hours after the Titanic foundered, the Cunard liner RMS Carpathia arrived where she brought aboard an estimated 705 survivors.
The sinking of Titanic caused the deaths of 1,502 people in one of the deadliest disasters in modern history. The RMS Titanic was the largest ship at the time of her maiden voyage.
The wreck of the Titanic remains on the seabed, split in two and gradually disintegrating at a depth of 12,415 feet.
Thousands of artifacts have been recovered and put on display at museums around the world. Titanic has become one of the most famous ships in history, her memory kept alive by numerous books, films and memorials.